Industrial Training Institute plays a vital role in economy of the country, especially interms of providing skilled manpower.
The Directorate General of Training (DGT) comes under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) offers a range of vocational training trades in different sectors based on economy /labour market. The vocational training programs are delivered under the aegis of National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT). Craftsman Training scheme (CTS) and Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS) and two pioneer programs of NCVT for Propagatory Vocational Training.
Total number of ITIs in India as on April 2016 is about 13105 (Govt. 2293 + 10812 Private ITIs). They are giving training about 132 trades including Engineering and Non- engineering with the duration of 1 or 2 years. The minimum eligibility for admission in ITIs 8th, 10th and 12th pass with respect to the trades and admission process will be held in every year in July.
From 2013, semester pattern was introduced with 6 months/Semester and revised the syllabus for each semester. Then in 2014, they introduced and implemented “Sector Mentor council (SMC)” re-revised syllabus under 11 sectors of about 80 trades.
At the end of each semester, All India Trade Test (AITT) will be conducted in every July and January, with OMR answer sheet pattern and multiple choice type questions. After passing, National trade certificates (NTC), will be issued by DGT which is authorized and recognized internationally. In 2017, for some trades they have introduced and implemented National Skill Qualification Frame work (NSQF) with Level 4 and Level 5.
After finishing instructional training with ‘NTC’ certificate, they have to undergo Apprenticeship training (ATS) for one or two year in respective trades under the Apprentice ACT 1961, in various government and private establishments with stipend. At the end of the Apprenticeship training, All India Apprentice Test will be conducted and apprentice certificate will be issued. They can get job opportunities in private or government establishment in India/Abroad or they can start small scale industries in manufacturing or in service sector with subsidiary government loan.
Organizational Structure of ITIs
In most of the ITIs, the head of the institute is the principal under him one vice-principal (VP). then Training Officers (TO)/Group Instructors (GI) who are the management and supervisory staff. Then Assistant Training Officers(ATO), Junior Training Officer (JTO), and Vocational Instructors (VI) are under Training officers for each trade and for Workshop calculations, Engineering Drawing, Employability skills etc. Administrative staff, Hostel Superintendent (H.S.) physical Education Trainer (PET), Library incharge, Pharmacist, etc. will be under the head of the Institution. The typical organizational of ITI chart is shown in below: